Explainer: Why did Pelosi go to Taiwan, and why is China angry | Health, medicine and fitness

By Eileen Knickimer – The Associated Press

Washington (AFP) – When House Speaker Nancy Pelosi He flew to Taiwan on an Air Force passenger planeShe became the highest-ranking US official to visit the self-governing island in 25 years. China announced retaliatory military exercises, even as Taiwanese officials welcomed them and headed to their hotel.

The reason for her visit is Tuesday Tensions escalate between China and the United States: China claims Taiwan as part of its territory, and views visits by foreign government officials as recognition of the island’s sovereignty.

President Joe Biden sought to allay that complaintHe insists there has been no change in America for a long time “One China Policy” which recognizes Beijing but allows informal and defensive relations with Taipei.

Pelosi envisions her landmark trip as part of the United States’ commitment to stand with democracies against authoritarian states, and with democratic Taiwan against China.

A look at some of the issues at hand:

Why did Pelosi go to Taiwan?

Pelosi has done a decades-long job of demonstrating her support for beleaguered democratic movements. Those include a 1991 trip to Tiananmen Square, where she and other lawmakers raised a small banner supporting democracy, while angry Chinese security officers tried to shut them down. Chinese forces had crushed a homegrown democracy movement in the same place two years ago.

The speaker frames her trip to Taiwan as part of a broader mission at a time when “the world faces a choice between authoritarianism and democracy.” she Led a Congressional delegation to the Ukrainian capital Kyiv in the spring, and her latest effort was the culmination of her years in promoting democracy abroad.

“We must stand by Taiwan,” she said in an opinion piece published by the Washington Post upon her arrival in Taiwan. It cited the United States’ commitment to a democratic Taiwan under the 1979 Act.

“It is imperative that America and its allies make clear that we never surrender to tyrannical rulers,” she wrote.

What is the US position on Taiwan?

The Biden and Pelosi administrations say the United States remains committed to the “one China policy.”

Taiwan and mainland China were divided during a civil war in 1949. But China claims the island as its territory and has not ruled out using military force to seize it.

China has increased its diplomatic and military pressure in recent years. It cut all contact with the Taiwan government in 2016 after President Tsai Ing-wen refused to endorse its claim that the island and the mainland together constituted one Chinese state, with communist Beijing being the only legitimate government.

Beijing sees official US contact with Taiwan as an encouragement to make the island’s decades-old de facto independence permanent, a move US leaders say they do not support.

How does the Chinese army deal with the stressful trip?

Soon after Pelosi’s arrival, China announced a series of military operations and exercises, which came on the heels of promises of “resolute and forceful measures” if Pelosi went ahead with her visit.

The Chinese People’s Liberation Army said the maneuvers will take place in waters and the sky near Taiwan and will involve firing long-range munitions into the Taiwan Strait.

China’s official Xinhua News Agency said the military plans to hold live-fire exercises from Thursday to Sunday across multiple locations. A photo published by the news agency indicated that the exercises will take place in six different areas in the waters surrounding Taiwan.

Taiwan’s Ministry of Defense said early Wednesday morning that China had sent 21 aircraft toward Taiwan, 18 of which were fighters. The rest included an early warning aircraft and an electronic warfare aircraft.

How did the United States respond?

While Biden May express some caution Regarding Pelosi’s trip, the administration has not publicly opposed it and said that it is up to Pelosi to decide whether to go.

Prior to Pelosi’s visit, the US military increased its movements in the Indo-Pacific region. The aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan and its strike group were in the Philippine Sea on Monday, according to officials who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss military operations.

After visiting the port, Reagan, the cruiser USS Antietam, and the destroyer USS Higgins left Singapore and headed north toward their home port of Japan. The aircraft carrier has an array of aircraft, including F/A-18 fighter jets and helicopters, as well as advanced radar systems and other weapons.

Is armed conflict a danger?

Chinese President Xi Jinping and Biden have made it clear that they do not want this. In a call with Biden last week, Xi reiterated Biden’s topic – their countries should cooperate in areas where they can.

Probably the greatest risk would be an accident if China attempted the kind of provocative maneuver it is increasingly carrying out with other militaries around the South China Sea. These include flying close to other aircraft or encountering ships at sea.

However, when it comes to the United States, with the world’s most powerful military, “despite the chorus of nationalist rhetoric, China will be careful not to fall into conflict with massive damage on all fronts,” said Yu Jie, a senior research fellow. At the Chatham House Research Center.

The best approach for China, Ji said, is patience and time — and building toward the day when its economy and military may be too big to challenge the United States.

This story has been corrected to show that the expert’s name is Ji, not Lee.

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