The introduction of dual digital technology has been by far the most groundbreaking innovation of the 21st century. The technology has found instant application in every sector of the economy, particularly in manufacturing, healthcare and distribution. at recent days , AEC industry He also showed a penchant for creating digital twins to address the unregulated nature of business.
Adopting this futuristic technology has enabled us to move from building one brick at a time, to building one blockchain at a time. Architects, urban designers and urban planners use technology to create a virtual world replica of the built environment to understand the long-term viability of their work.
The history of digital twins
The first account of digital twin technology can be traced back to David Gelernter’s 1991 book “mirror worlds” It explores the impact of computer technology on the world of the future. The concept and model of the digital twin was first introduced by Michael Graves in 2002 at the Society of Manufacturing Engineers conference held in Troy, Michigan. He proposed the concept of digital twins as a study model for product life cycle management. The term “digital twins” was officially invented by John Vickers of NASA in the “2010 Roadmap Report”.
How does digital twinning work?
The digital twin technology is data-driven. A network of sensors fetches data to create a virtual sibling of a physical world. The digital twins framework consists of three parts:
- material thing The real product
- default object Digitally reproduced product
- The relationship between the physical and the virtual Data that flows from the physical product to the virtual product and the information that is supplied from the virtual product to the physical product
The digital twin created can be used to understand the characteristics of the built and unbuilt environment through its entire life cycle. Data analysis in conjunction with other sources of information helps in understanding the subject of study at its origin and predicting its future.
Often, parallels are drawn between digital twins and 3D modeling based on user interface and visualization. However, what sets them apart is the data factor. While 3D modeling is limited to providing a view of the object, digital twinning provides a real-time view and data of the object. Digital twins go a step further in exploring how an organism is affected by different environmental conditions over a period of time.
How can digital twins improve urban planning?
The world is preparing quickly. it is expected that 56% of the world’s population He will live in cities. Hence, cities need to be prepared with resources for massive influx of population. But due to the random growth of most urban areas in the world, digital twins can help simplify urban developments with the help of data analytics. By creating digital twins of cities, one can virtually test and enact policies, design principles, and construction methods in the real world. The adoption of digital twins could revolutionize how cities are designed, operated, maintained and sustainable to improve the quality of life for their citizens.
Make effective policy
Municipal authorities and other local administrative bodies can take advantage of dual digital technology by using data to plan and finalize investment strategies and identify opportunities. They can run simulations of proposed policies in the virtual world and study their impact before implementing them in the real world. Globally, cities such as Singapore, Helsinki, and the United Arab Emirates are investing in dual digital technology for a variety of goals ranging from sustainability to transit-oriented development, building modification projects, and the scale of virtual tourism.
Mitigating environmental risks
With the alarming increase in global warming and climate change, dual digital technology could help map the future environment and its impact on cities. Data such as sea level rise and the movement of tectonic plates in the virtual city can be used to guide the development of the physical city. By assessing risks, cities can be better prepared to mitigate natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, tsunamis and hurricanes.
Structural stability review
Due to poor quality construction, building collapse has become a daily affair in cities resulting in loss of lives and resources. Creating a digital twin before the physical process of construction begins can help determine the suitability of building materials and practices. This will help create safe and healthy neighborhoods that help urban communities thrive. Civil authorities can use the data to audit the structural strength of old buildings, thus evacuating the neighborhood in time to prevent any physical damage.
Save energy and operating costs
The data obtained from the digital twins can be used to improve the building services system which will help reduce the energy consumption of the structure and operating costs. Urban planners can also identify the potential for building rooftops to have solar energy that can be used to power buildings. The dual digital city’s renewable energy chain can always be explored to help reduce the urban heat island impact and improve building self-sufficiency.
Network Infrastructure Optimization
With data available from dual digital cities, transportation planners in conjunction with urban planners can determine the potential for jams and traffic jams in an actual city. The requirements for bridges and road expansions can be predetermined by determining the growth of road cars. The efficacy of the Rapid Mass Transit System (MRTS) for optimizing urban public transport can be tested and innovated for urban sprawl.
The possibilities of digital twinning do not stop at the technical aspects of urban planning but go further to explore revenue generation from virtual tourism. While there are already 360-degree views of the streets and buildings on the market. Digital twinning takes this technology a step further. In digital twins, people can do more than just watch the place. They can shop, play, learn and even be citizens of the virtual city.
for example, Virtual Helsinki It is a digital twin of Helsinki city center, created by Zoan in high quality 3D virtual reality, where people can visit and do activities. Virtual tourism promotes a sustainable way of living by allowing people to experience the world from the comfort of their homes.
While many countries have yet to explore the potential of dual digital technology, Singapore has already established a first-hand test case for its virtual appearance of both. The State of the City model consists of 3 million photos taken at street level along with 160,000 photos taken from the air. More than a billion data points have been drawn in 3D, which is the equivalent of 100 terabytes + amount of data. The basis of the model will be based on 14 basic data sets that include land use, tree cover and underground facilities. To keep the digital twin relevant and in line with the development of Singapore, the entire island will be continuously mapped using aerial and street mapping tools.
With the digital twin in place, Singapore envisages tackling its long-standing issue of the urban heat island effect. The virtual city will be used to study the feasibility of developing new buildings in the city and its impact on the immediate surroundings. Policy makers will also study a model to identify potential infrastructure flaws and suggest appropriate solutions for future Singapore. In the future, Singapore also aims to use digital twins to reconstruct accident scenes through the use of digital forensics and scenario planning for autonomous vehicles and robots.
The benefits offered by dual digital technology have encouraged global IT leaders to work towards the development of dual digital software. Leading IT giants such as Microsoft, GE Digital, Siemens and Dassault Systemes have already created dual digital software. AEC industry innovators such as Cityzenith have launched a dual digital program dedicated to the built environment. SmartWorldPro is another leading digital program that makes it easy to design and manage buildings and other forms of real estate.
The use of digital dual technology in urban planning improves the decision-making capacity of stakeholders. It establishes hope for a future city that is more sustainable, people-centred, orderly, and desirable.